Acts 1:8 And The Christian

I. The Great Commission. Overview.


A. As believers in Christ, we have on many occasions heard the words, “Great Commission.” We have been exposed to two key passages of scripture context that tell of the commissioning of Christ on His disciples immediately prior to His ascension to Heaven; the scriptures, in particular are Matthew 28:16-20, Luke 24:49-53, and Acts 1:1-11.

 
B. The Mirriam-Webster Dictionary defines “commission” in a way that is easily seen as the call on the life of every born again believer in Christ, by Christ. Consider the following words of definition of “commission.” 1. a formal written warrant granting the power to perform various acts or duties. 2. an authorization or command to act in a prescribed manner or to perform prescribed acts. 3. authority to act for, in behalf of, or in place of another. 4. a task or matter entrusted to one as an agent for another. 5. a group of persons directed to perform some duty. 6. an act of entrusting or giving authority. 


C. With the word “commission” having been properly defined, let us now continue this article with a discussion of “The Great Commission,” which has been given to all believers of Christ, by the only “Great One” in history, “Jesus Christ, our Lord and Savior.” We will discuss the Great Commission, as it was explained to His “soon to be Apostles” by Christ, Himself, in Acts 1:8.


II. Acts 1:8, New English Translation (NET).


“you will receive power when the Holy Spirit has come upon you, and you will be my witnesses in Jerusalem, and in all Judea and Samaria, and to the farthest parts of the earth.”

A. We have here a virtual outline of the book of Acts. After the ascension of Jesus to Heaven (1:9), the apostles were to be witnesses in Jerusalem (Chap 1-7), Judea and Samaria (Chap 8-9), and the ends of the earth, including Caesarea, Antioch, Asia Minor, Greece and Rome (Chap 10-28). However, the disciples were not to begin this amazing task until they had been equipped with the power of the Holy Spirit (Acts 1:4-7, 2:1-4;). Acts 2:4 is explained in 2:5-12; ).
“My witnesses.” This is an important item throughout the book of Acts, per the following verses (2:32; 3:15; 5:32; 10:39; 13:31; 22:15).


B. “Judea.” This is the region in which Jerusalem was located.


C. “Samaria.” This is the adjoining region to the north of Judea.


D. The ministry of the Apostles was through the teaching of God’s Word.  The preaching of the Word is paramount, and is described in 2 Timothy 4:1-2: (NET)


“1 I solemnly charge you before God and Christ Jesus, who is going to judge the living and the dead, and by his appearing and his kingdom: 2 preach the message, be ready whether it is convenient or not, reprove, rebuke, exhort with complete patience and instruction.’

E. The value of the Word of God is explained in 1 Timothy 3:16-17 (NET).


“16 Every scripture is inspired by God and useful for teaching, for reproof, for correction, and for training in righteousness, 17 that the person dedicated to God may be capable and equipped for every good work.”

III. During the upper room discourse (John 13-17), which Jesus spoke to His disciples on the evening prior to his crucifixion, he spoke of the blessing in their life which would come to them from His Holy Spirit. In John 14:20, Jesus told the disciples that the Holy Spirit would dwell within each of their spirits, and there would be a communal indwelling of the Spirit within, Father, Son, and the disciples, which is the same situation for all born again believers today. In John 14:26, Jesus told his disciples that the Holy Spirit would teach them all things, and remind them of all that He had said to them; the same teaching comes from the Holy Spirit to all born again believers in Christ today.  In 15:26-27, Jesus told the disciples that ,“When the Helper comes, whom I will send to you from the Father, that is the Spirit of truth who proceeds from the Father, He will testify about Me, and you will testify also, because you have been with Me from the beginning.” Just as was the case of these disciples, the Holy Spirit will testify to us about Jesus, and we will also tell others about what we have been taught about Jesus, by the Holy Spirit. In 16:9, Jesus told His disciples that the Holy Spirit would teach them of, “sin and righteousness and judgment;” today, believers in Christ are also being taught these three basic elements of evangelism. In 16:13-15, Jesus told His disciples that the Holy Spirit would guide them into all the truth, that He would not speak on His own initiative, and whatever the Holy Spirit would hear, He would speak; and that He would disclose to them “that which would come.” The disciples were told by Christ that the Holy Spirit would glorify Him, and that the Holy Spirit would take care of those “who were Christ’s,” and would disclose such things of progressive (increasing) revelation to them [The Moody Bible Commentary states that, The Spirit will disclose to the apostles “what is to come.” This could refer to prophecy, {e.g., Christ reveals the book of Revelation; Rev 1:1] or to all NT truth.] Re: “All things that the Father has are Mine; therefore I said that He takes care of Mine and will disclose it to you;”  The Moody Bible Commentary adds the following: “All things that the Father has belongs to Christ ( v 13), and the Spirit takes from Christ and imparts truth to us through the apostles’ writings (cf.  17:10). Concerning these last words of John 16, and forward, it should be understood that the same Holy Spirit, that dwelled within, and encouraged, those “soon to be apostles,” also dwells within all born again believers of today. Therefore, neither the truth of Christ which the Spirit imparts within our spirits (of today), nor the strength of such revelation, should be underestimated.


IV. In less than twenty-four hours of this Thursday evening Passover meal, the disciples of Christ would see their Lord crucified, and dead (Luke 23:46), with Him being buried soon after (Luke 23:54). On the following Sunday morning, they would see their Lord resurrected, and alive (John 20:19). Forty days after the resurrection of Christ (Acts 1:3) the disciples would see their resurrected and glorified Lord ascend to Heaven. He would then commission His disciples to be His witnesses, “in Jerusalem, Judea, and Samaria, and to the farthest parts of the earth (Acts 1:8),”  by saying, “go and do what I told you to do.” 


V. As was stated above, the same Holy Spirit, who dwelled within, and taught the disciples, is doing the same with born again believers today. As opposed to the disciples of the first century, we have many amazing sources of teaching at our fingertips, such as our computers. We may not be able to go to the “farthest parts of the earth,” but many of us have internet friends in such far away areas. As for me, God has made it possible for me to receive instruction of God’s Word by way of many excellent teachers. I am able to read books and watch videos of many Godly and well educated sources of information everyday of the week. God has made it possible for me to listen to many excellent Christian radio teachers, while driving, for many years. God’s provision has made it easy for me to research, compose and publish articles that are read by people in many areas of the world. I encourage you to check out my sources of information on my “My Sources” page, and to consider your own personal situation, as to how you may be able to be a witness to others.  

Heaven, And Beyond

Introduction.

People of all times have wondered about heaven, where it is, who’s there, and “how do I get there?” The major thought of people of all times has been, “heaven’s way up in the sky,” and God is some old guy up there having …”unkempt hair …wrinkled face … a downward pointing , long gray beard” … seated on a swivel chair, looking at some sort of monitor, swiveling around and looking at all of His creation, eagerly waiting to push the delete button. The Apostle Paul, however, has written some clarification of heaven, and heavens. Consider 1 Corinthians 15:40, “There are also celestial bodies, and bodies terrestrial: but the glory of the celestial is one, and the glory of the terrestrial is another.” The air which is located directly above the earth where we live is a terrestrial heaven, which is where the birds bird, and is known as the earth’s atmosphere. The space which is located further away from earth, is a celestial heaven, is where the astronauts fly, and is known as outer space. Paul continued his heavenly discussion in 2 Corinthians 12:4, “How that he was caught up into paradise, and heard unspeakable words, which it is not lawful for a man to utter.” This third heaven is the dwelling place of God, and where no one flies,” and is also the the dwelling place of all of God’s redeemed saints of all times, who are said to be, “absent from the body and at home with the Lord” (2 Cor 5:8). We will now enter into a discussion of “heaven,” that most of us grew up wondering, “who’s up there, and how can I get there.” We will also consider the truth of that which lies “beyond heaven,” and the eternity which awaits us.

Heaven.

I. Scripture Text. Revelation 4:1-5. New American Standard Bible 2020.

1 After these things I looked, and behold, a door standing open in heaven, and the first voice which I had heard, like the sound of a trumpet speaking with me, said, “Come up here, and I will show you what must take place after these things.” Immediately I was in the Spirit; and behold, a throne was standing in heaven, and someone was sitting on the throne. And He who was sitting was like a jasper stone and a sardius in appearance; and there was a rainbow around the throne, like an emerald in appearance. Around the throne were twenty-four thrones; and upon the thrones I saw twenty-four elders sitting, clothed in white garments, and golden crowns on their heads.

II. Commentary. Ryrie Study Bible.

A. Rev 4:1. Here begins the third section of the book (see 1:19) describing what is yet future. This section can be divided into three parts: the coming Tribulation (chaps. 6-19), the Millennium (chap. 20), and the new heavens and new earth (chaps. 21-22).

B. Rev 4:4. “twenty-four elders). Some understand these to be angelic beings, though it is likely that the 24 elders represent redeemed people who are glorified, crowned, and enthroned. Angels are never said to be given crowns, though believers are (2 Tim 2:8; James 1:12; 1 Peter 5:4; Rev 2:10).

III. The Redeemed. Scripture Text.

A. Job 19:25. Yet as for me, I know that my Redeemer lives,
And at the last, He will take His stand on the earth.

B. Isaiah 59:17-21. https://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=Isaiah+59%3A17-21&version=NASB

IV. Ryrie Study Bible Comments, “The Redeemed.”

A. Job 19:25. Job believed in a living God who would vindicate his case even after his death.

B. Isaiah 59:17-21. At His second advent He will judge His enemies (vv. 17-19) and bring salvation to Israel (vv. 20-21; cf. Rom 11:26-27). The word for “Redeemer” (v. 20) means kinsman-redeemer (see note on Ruth 3:9);, i.e., one who is related by blood to those he redeems, indicating the necessity for the incarnation (Heb. 2:14-16). The “covenant” (v. 21) is the new covenant (see Jer 31:31-34).

V. Redeemed Old Testament Saints.

A. Enoch. Genesis 5:21-24.

B. Elijah. 2 Kings 2:1-11.

C. Lazarus. Luke 16:19-26.

D. Thief On The Cross. Luke 23:39-43.

E. All Old Testament Saints. Ephesians 4:8.-9

VI. Ryrie Study Bible Comments, “Redeemed Old Testament Saints” (comments are added from other commentaries).

A. Enoch. Enoch is an exception to the dismal refrain (“and he died”) of this fifth chapter (of Genesis). He “walked (lit., walked about, i.e., lived) “with God,” and instead of letting him die, “God took him” (the same Hebrew word is used for the translation of Elijah, 2 Kings 2:3, 5; cf. Heb 11:5). In other words, Enoch went directly to heaven without dying, as will believers who are alive at the Rapture (1 Thes. 4:17). See Jude 14.

B. Elijah. Elijah, like Enoch, was taken to heaven without dying. This will also be the experience of believers living, at the time of Christ’s return (1 Cor 15:51; 1 Thes 4:17; my note: The return of Christ in these two verses is not of Him standing on the earth, but of His coming in the air, and His catching up of the saints at the rapture of the church. Christ will stand on earth at the time of His “second coming” at the Battle of Armageddon (Zech 14:1-5, 9; Matt 24:29-31; Rev 19:11-20:4).

C. Lazarus. “Abraham’s bosom.” Figurative language for paradise, or the presence of God (Luke 23:43; 2 Cor 12:4). The two men in this account of Lazarus and the rich man is of two different deaths, and two different destinies.

D. Thief On The Cross. “paradise.” Heaven, the abode of God (Luke 16:22; 2 Cor 12:4).

E. All Old Testament Saints. “He led captive a host of witnesses.” Paul uses an illustration from Ps. 68:18 in which the triumphant warrior is elevated when he returns with hosts of prisoners, receiving gifts from the conquered people, and distributing gifts to his followers. Christ conquered Satan and all that had conquered us.

1. MacArthur Study Bible.  led captivity captive. Through His crucifixion and resurrection, Christ conquered Satan and death, and in triumph returned to God those who were once sinners and prisoners of Satan (cf. Col 2:15). 

2. Jeremiah Study Bible. “He descended” to Sheol (Hades in the NT) in the Spirit to preach the good news of His triumph over death and the grave, after which He led the Old Testament saints (imprisoned in Sheol) to heaven.

3. John Phillips Commentary. After proclaiming His triumph to those in Hades, the Lord arose in triumph, bringing the souls of the blessed dead with Him. Many of them were united with their bodies and shared in His resurrection as the first fruits of the second harvest. Paradise was emptied. The Lord took with Him the captives He had delivered from the nether regions. Now all who die in Christ go to be with Him,.

VII. Redeemed New Testament Saints.

A. John 14:6.

B. 1 Corinthians 15:50-57.

C. 1 Thessalonians 4:13-18.15

D. Titus 2:13.

VIII. Ryrie Study Bible Comments, “Redeemed New Testament Saints.”

A. John 14:6. There are not many ways to the Father in heaven, only ONE — through Jesus (Acts 4:12).

B. 1 Corinthians 15:50-57.

  1. 15:51-58. Here Paul answers the question, “what happens to those who do not die?
  2. 15:51. The rapture of the church described in verses 51-58 was a “mystery” unknown in the OT, but now revealed. “We will not all sleep,” i.e., not all die (1 Thes. 4:15). Some will be alive when the Lord returns, but all will be changed.
  3. 15:53. “perishable.” “perishable.” I.e., those who have died. “mortal.” I.e., those who are living.
  4. 15:56. “The sting of death is sin” because it is by sin that death gains authority over man, “(Rom. 5:12).
  5. 15:58. A firm belief in the resurrection and a solid hope for the future gives incentive for service in the present.

C. 1 Thessalonians 4:13-18.

  1. 4:13-18. The question is this: Does the death of a believer before the Lord comes cause him to lose all hope of sharing in the glorious reign of Christ? Paul’s answer is the reassuring affirmation that the dead will be raised and will share in the kingdom.
  2. 4:13. “are asleep.” The body (not the soul) of the believer who dies is said to sleep during the time between death and resurrection. See Phil 1:23.
  3. 4:14. “if we believe.” Better, “since we do believe.” The certainty of Christian’s resurrection is based on the fact of Christ’s resurrection.
  4. 4:16-17. “voice of the archangel.” Michael is the only archangel named in the Bible (Jude 9). “the trumpet of God.” See 1 Cor. 15:52. “the dead in Christ will rise first,” when the Lord comes for His people (v. 17). Then, living believers will be “caught up.” From the Latin for “caught up” comes the term “rapture.” The rapture, or catching up of believers, described here involves both those who have died and those who are living when the Lord comes. His coming here is “in the air,” not to the earth, and will occur just prior to the beginning of the Tribulation (see 1:10, Rev 3:10). That period will end with His coming to the earth (see Matt. 24:29-31; Rev. 19:11-16). The event here describes (1) a return of Christ in the air, (2) a resurrection of the dead in Christ, (3) a rapture of living believers, and (4) a reunion with those who have died.
  5. 4:18. This encouragement or comfort of the Christian’s hope in resurrection is in sharp contrast to the hopelessness of the heathen in the face of death.

D. Titus 2:13. “blessed hope.” Christ’s second coming. (the rapture of the church, mine).

IX. Redeemed Tribulation Saints. Revelation 7:9-17.

https://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=Revelation+7%3A9-17&version=NASB1995

X. Redeemed Tribulation Saints, “Ryrie Study Bible Comments.”

  1. Revelation 7 :9. “a great multitude.” This multitude is composed of many geographic groups who will be redeemed during the Tribulation (v. 14). In these difficult days many will find Christ as Savior.
  2. Revelation 7:15-17. Having died, or been martyred during the Tribulation, this great multitude are seen in heaven enjoying its blessings.

Beyond.

We will return to the title, and opening, of this article and answer a question that many people have, as it relates to who has gone to heaven in the past, and who will go to heaven in the future. The Apostle Paul made a clear response to such a question. He wrote to Christians in 2 Cor 5:8, “To be absent from the body is to be present with the Lord.” Such a statement relates to all of the redeemed, of all times, which are those of whom have been born again. That verse relates to those of the Old Testament era, the New Testament era, and the Tribulation era. People will be “born again” during the Tribulation and survive the Tribulation; such people will enter the “yet to come” Kingdom age of the Millennial reign of Christ, and will be able to have children, because they will enter the Kingdom in mortal bodies. Such Kingdom age babies will also have to be born again so that they can enter the eternal state of the New Heaven, New Earth, and New Jerusalem (Rev 20:15; 21:1-8), thereby, also, spending eternity with born again saints of the Old Testament, New Testament, and Tribulation eras, and thereby, also, “being present with the Lord.” It is important to know that entry into the eternal state will not occur until after this world is destroyed and God creates the New Heaven and New Earth (Isa 65:17; 2 Peter 3:10-13), where He and Christ will reside with all of the redeemed of all times (Rev 21:22-23). Christ will rule and reign from Jerusalem in His earthly Kingdom for one thousand years (Zech 14:1-5, 9; Rev 20:4); following that thousand years, Christ and God will rule and reign from the New Earth and New Jerusalem for eternity (Rev 21:1-3). The prerequisite for all of whom will be “present with the Lord,” is stated in John 3:3, “you must be born again,” which means to be “flawless…without flaw…in spirit, soul, and body.”

Food For Thought.

I. Every conceived person has a beginning as an embryo, which is a flawed embryo due to the fall of Adam and Eve, and the resulting curse on all of God’s creation (Gen 3:1-19). Each embryo has a makeup of a spirit, soul and body (1 Thes. 5:23). The spirit of a person, is fully developed in the embryonic state, having a destiny of eternal life with God in the Eternal State of the New Heaven, New Earth, and New Jerusalem (Rev 21:1-7); or, an eternity in the lake of fire (Rev. 20:15). Because each spirit is flawed upon conception, it must be born again (John 3:3-8). John 3:16 (belief in Christ) is a prerequisite for the new birth. Unbelief (John 3:18b) results in condemnation (Romans 8:1), with such a person spending eternity in the lake of fire. Once a person has been born again, their spirit is as righteous as the Spirit of “Father, Son, Holy Spirit.” (2 Cor 5:17, 21), and has the Spirit of Christ dwelling within such a person’s spirit (Col 1:27). The indwelling Spirit of Christ never leaves the Spirit in which He dwells within (John 10:28-31); such a relationship of salvation is eternal (John 17:3).

II. A soul is a person’s mind, emotion, intellect, and all that enters into that equation. A soul is flawed, and will never become “flawless” in our lifetime. A soul, even the soul of someone who has been born again, will remain flawed until death, or the rapture, when the flawed soul and body are made righteous and are reunited with their spirit that is in the Presence of God, and is eternal.

III. The body is, “eyes, nose, and toes.” A body comes into the world flawed, just as the soul and spirit are also flawed from the embryo. A body will decay until death, or until the rapture occurs, when the flawed or deceased body is made flawless and is raised in eternal perfection as a resurrection body, perfect in every sense, being able to be in the Presence of God. (1 Cor 15:50-53).

IV. No one’s spirit can dwell within the Spirit of God (Father, Son, Holy Spirit) without being flawless (1 John 1:5).

Conclusion.

I heard a story about John Wesley, who was preaching in a revival. In each sermon, John Wesley stressed the need for every person to be born again. At the end of the revival, someone asked Wesley why, every night, he said, “you must be born again.” John Wesley had a quick and scriptural reply by saying, it is because “YOU MUST BE BORN AGAIN!”

Salvation In Christ – The Book Of John 1:3-1:9 – 26 A.D.

I. Preview. This article will address key factors of the biblical text in which we will be studying. We will identify facts of scripture which show that only Christ could have been the author of all aspects of creation, therefore, Christ is God (John 1:1-2 from previous article). We will study those verses by commentary.

II. Scriptures. John 1:3-9 – New American Standard Bible. 1995 Edition.

A. John 1:3-5 – The Preincarnate Work Of Christ.

3 All things came into being through Him, and apart from Him not even one thing came into being that has come into being. 4 In Him was life, and the life was the Light of mankind. 5 And the Light shines in the darkness, and the darkness did not comprehend it.

B. John 1:6-8 – The Witness John the Baptist.

6 A man came, one sent from God, and his name was John. 7 He came as a witness, to testify about the Light, so that all might believe through him. 8 He was not the Light, but he came to testify about the Light. (My comment: John The Baptist was not the writer of the Book of John; the Apostle John was the writer.)

C. John 1:9 – The Light Of The World.

9 This was the true Light that, coming into the world, enlightens every person.

III. Commentary. Ryrie Study Bible (RSB).

A. 1:3. “All things came into being through Him.” Christ was active in the work of creation of God (Col 1:16). (RSB)

B. 1:4-5. “life … Light.” These two distinctive words especially associated with John (8:12; 9:5; 11:25; 14:6). “Light” in John implies revelation that discloses the “life” that is in Christ and brings into judgment those who refuse it (3:19). “Life” denotes salvation and deliverance, based on Christ’s atonement. “the darkness did not comprehend it.” Better, the darkness did not overcome the light. (RSB) (My note. Grasp may be used for comprehend.”) (RSB)

C. 1:6. “John (the Baptizer).” His role, made clear in verse 8, was simply as a witness to the Light. (RSB)

D. 1:9. “enlightens every man.” Not that every man is redeemed automatically, for redemption comes through faith in the Savior (1:12). But, this light is available to all men. (RSB)

IV. Analysis.

A. The facts and details of this article are worthy of study and restudy. A comfort factor for all human beings comes from verse 9: “This was the true Light that, coming into the world, enlightens every person.” Every person” is easy to understand. See NASB Greek Lexicon. Strong’s Concordance And Numbers. HELPS Word-Studies, “V.Q.1:9.” . “The emphasis of the total picture then is on “one piece at a time.” Each and every human being is a total picture of humanity. “One piece at a time” (of humanity) receives the Light of Christ. The Light of Christ is restrictive to no one, and evades no one. We will go deeper into this reasoning when we study John 3:16.

B. The following scriptures tell of God’s desire for all of mankind to be saved.

1. 1 Timothy 2:3-4
New American Standard Bible 1995

3 This is good and acceptable in the sight of God our Savior, 4 who desires all men to be saved and to come to the knowledge of the truth.

2. 2 Peter 3:9
New American Standard Bible 1995

9 The Lord is not slow about His promise, as some count slowness, but is patient toward you, not wishing for any to perish but for all to come to repentance.

3. Romans 8:38-39
New American Standard Bible 1995

38 For I am convinced that neither death, nor life, nor angels, nor principalities, nor things present, nor things to come, nor powers, 39 nor height, nor depth, nor any other created thing, will be able to separate us from the love of God, which is in Christ Jesus our Lord.

Salvation In Christ – John 1:1-2


Isaiah 43:13

Salvation In Christ – The Book Of John – 1:1-1:2

I. Introduction.

A. A Personal Thought. To me, the Book of John is a source document of “hard and fast” details of Scriptural Truth that relate to salvation and eternal life. It is my “go to” place when I want to find out something about the details of the person of Christ. The Book of John gives the definition of “eternal security,” which is found in John 17:3: “And this is eternal life, that they may know You, the only true God, and Jesus Christ whom You have sent.” In this passage, the word, “know,” is key.

1. The meaning of “know” (1097. ginṓskō”) relates to a personal relationship with someone. 1097 ginṓskō – properly, to know, especially through personal experience (first-hand acquaintance). 1097 /ginṓskō (“experientially know”) is used for example in Lk 1:34, “And Mary [a virgin] said to the angel, ‘How will this be since I do not know (1097 /ginṓskō = sexual intimacy) a man?’” (https://biblehub.com/greek/1097.htm).

2. In John 17:3 Christ is saying that eternal life comes from having a personal relationship with “God the Father,” through “God the Son,” being empowered by “God the Holy Spirit.” Such a relationship of intimacy comes from the new birth (John 3:3, 8), with the Spirit of God (Father, Son, Holy Spirit) dwelling within the spirit of the person whom has been born again (John 14:10-11, 16-17, 20; 16:13-14). To be born again means “to be born from above,” which is not a physical birth, but a spiritual “rebirth.”

3. In John 3:16, we see the words, “everyone who believes in Him will not perish, but have eternal life.” Belief in Christ is described as, “4100. pisteuó,” “I believe, have faith in, trust in.” (https://biblehub.com/greek/4100.htm).

4. The Words of Christ add assurity to a believer having eternal life, “for eternity.” Consider John 5:24: ““Truly, truly, I say to you, the one who hears My word, and believes Him who sent Me, has eternal life, and does not come into judgment, but has passed out of death into life.”

5. In John 10:28 we see even more assurance of eternal life for believers in Christ: “and I give them eternal life, and they will never perish; and no one will snatch them out of My hand” (no one can walk to salvation, and no one can walk away from salvation).

6. A purpose statement of the Book of John is found in John 20:31: “but these have been written so that you may believe that Jesus is the Christ, the Son of God; and that by believing you may have life in His name.”

7. The Book of John is a book of undeniable assurance of eternal life for those whom have come to a trusting belief in Christ as Lord and Savior. The message of the Book of John is, “hard and fast,” in its teaching of the Words of Christ continually saying that such believers are “eternally secure in Him.”

8. The following details will strengthen our understanding of the deity of Christ. It is important for us to know as much as we can about Christ; but, it is more important for us to have a John 17:3 “knowledge” of Christ, which is deep, personal, intimate. Much of that which we are learning from these studies is highly “academic.” But, we must never lose sight of the “spiritual” emphasis that our Lord desires of us.

B. Discernment And Application. 1

1. Discerning the Meaning | John 1:1

“Word.” Word can mean either words that are spoken (a statement or subject of discussion), an account or motive (Rom. 14:12), or Jesus Himself. When it refers to Jesus, it means either Jesus as the content of God’s revelation or Jesus as the reason behind the universe (John 1:1). In either case, it conveys the idea that Jesus is the living voice of God who communicates the full wisdom of God. He is God speaking, the breathing out of all God is and thinks so that mankind can understand and be saved.

2. Applying the Message | John 1

“God Came Down.” The Gospel of John presents Jesus Christ coming into this world from the bosom of His heavenly Father: “The Word became flesh and dwelt among us” (John 1:14). The first three Gospels present Jesus coming to earth from an earthly perspective. But the Gospel of John describes Jesus Christ coming into this world from a heavenly perspective.

II. Text. 2.

A. John 1:1-2 – New American Standard Bible – 26 A.D.

1 In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God. 2 He was in the beginning with God.

B. Commentary. 3

1. 1:1

a. In the beginning. In contrast to 1 John 1:1 where John used a similar phrase (“from the beginning”) to refer to the starting point of Jesus’ ministry and gospel preaching, this phrase parallels Gen. 1:1 where the same phrase is used. John used the phrase in an absolute sense to refer to the beginning of the time-space-material universe.

b. was. The verb highlights the eternal preexistence of the Word, i.e., Jesus Christ. Before the universe began, the Second Person of the Trinity always existed; i.e., He always was (cf. 8:58). This word is used in contrast with the verb “was made” (or “were made”) in v. 3 which indicates a beginning in time. Because of John’s theme that Jesus Christ is the eternal God, the Second Person of the Trinity, he did not include a genealogy as Matthew and Luke did. While in terms of Jesus’ humanity, He had a human genealogy; in terms of His deity, He has no genealogy.

c. the Word. John borrowed the use of the term “Word” not only from the vocabulary of the OT but also from Gr. philosophy, in which the term was essentially impersonal, signifying the rational principle of “divine reason,” “mind,” or even “wisdom.” John, however, imbued the term entirely with OT and Christian meaning (e.g., Gen. 1:3 where God’s Word brought the world into being; Pss. 33:6; 107:20; Prov. 8:27 where God’s Word is His powerful self-expression in creation, wisdom, revelation, and salvation) and made it refer to a person, i.e., Jesus Christ. Greek philosophical usage, therefore, is not the exclusive background of John’s thought. Strategically, the term “Word” serves as a bridge-word to reach not only Jews but also the unsaved Greeks. John chose this concept because both Jews and Greeks were familiar with it.

d. the Word was with God. The Word, as the Second Person of the Trinity, was in intimate fellowship with God the Father throughout all eternity. Yet, although the Word enjoyed the splendors of heaven and eternity with the Father (Is. 6:1–13; cf. 12:41; 17:5), He willingly gave up His heavenly status, taking the form of a man, and became subject to the death of the cross (see notes on Phil. 2:6–8).

e. was God. The Gr. construction emphasizes that the Word had all the essence or attributes of deity, i.e., Jesus the Messiah was fully God (cf. Col. 2:9). Even in His incarnation when He emptied Himself, He did not cease to be God but took on a genuine human nature/body and voluntarily refrained from the independent exercise of the attributes of deity.

2. 1:2. 4

a. Verse 2 would appear to be a mere repetition of what has been said, but actually it is not. This verse teaches that Christ’s personality and deity were without beginning.

b. Christ did not become a person for the first time as the Babe of Bethlehem. Nor did He somehow become a god after His resurrection, as some teach today. He is God from all eternity.

III. Messiah, “God With Us.”

The Jews of Israel, during the time of the ministry of Jesus, should have known that Jesus was “Messiah.” They had been taught that the Messiah would be “God with us” (Isa 7:14). Joseph received angelic confirmation that Messiah would be “God with us” (Matt 1:20-23). The message of Christ to the Jews was, “I am God with you” (John 10:30, “I and the Father are one”). (John 14:7, “If you had known Me, you would have known My Father also; from now on you know Him, and have seen Him”).

IV. Video Details.

A. Gaither Vocal Band – The Florida Boys – When He Was On the Cross (I Was On His Mind) [Official Live]

B. Gaither Music TV. Dec 13, 2012.

V. Sources Of Information. I will put this statement of sources of information on each of my articles.

A. Credential information on named individuals in this article can be found on my website Page, “About Theologians.”

B. Footnotes. The following sources of information provide great teaching ideas; I encourage everyone to purchase these materials. Of the footnoted sources, I have been blessed by each of the sources of information.

1. Vines Expository Bible.

2. Bible Gateway.

3. MacArthur Study Bible.

4. Believer’s Bible Commentary.

C. Everyone reads something that someone else has written. Therefore, it is important to choose authors whom have proven to be knowledgeable of the things that they have written, and also have a high degree of acceptance from their peers. In addition to the sources of information that are footnoted in the above paragraph, there are many other theologians for whom I greatly respect, and whose works I use for reference in the articles that I write. A list of such theologians, along with their credentials, can be found on this website’s Page of my sources of information. On that sources page you can also find linked information that tells of ministry works of many of those trusted theologians.

About All Of My Websites

Please ensure that you are following all of my websites.

“Israel, History And Prophecy” website deals with the history of God’s chosen people (Israel), and His end times plans for Israel, beginning with the garden, and continuing through the dispensation of Law.

“Equipping The Saints Web Site” deals with evangelism in the time that exists during the church age dispensation of grace, which follows the dispensation of law, and continues to the time of the tribulation.

“Eternity” website deals with the end times, with key emphasis placed on God’s chosen people, “Israel,” with a focus on the Tribulation and the following millennial reign of Christ, which is known as the dispensation of Kingdom, and on into the eternal state of the new heaven, new earth and new Jerusalem.

https://success2693.wordpress.com/ Israel, History And Prophecy

https://untotheleastofthese.home.blog/ Equipping The Saints Web Site

https://equippingblog.wordpress.com/ Eternity

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